Does our childhood reading influence our faith?
As a small child, growing up in 1950s suburbia, Milly Molly Mandy books were the first ones that become part of my internal world. There were other books I liked, but these I loved.
Written 30 years earlier by Joyce Lancaster Brisley, these books described a world I didn’t know, but one I longed for. For Milly Molly Mandy’s world appears totally safe. Within its boundaries she is free to explore and have adventures. The reader knows that nothing is going to go seriously wrong.
In theory my world should have been as secure as hers. I had two parents, four grandparents, a house and garden, friends and a school that I mostly enjoyed. But I was an anxious child. I had my bed pushed up against the wall so nothing could get behind me in the night and I worried endlessly about the things I wished I hadn’t done – getting told off for jumping on the chairs or saying “Hello Old Thornsy!” to the sarcastic teacher. (My father used to call him that – what possessed me as a small mousy child to try it out on him I will never know.)
My world was based on the same premise as Milly Molly Mandy’s: “Not in front of the children.” The adults endeavour to hide their concerns and worries from the children. Milly Molly Mandy accepts her world, as small children do, as being how the world is. There is no need for difficult questions.
But this is a safe world without God. As a child I knew only the first three books, and God does not appear. Church is mentioned only once – when Milly Molly Mandy visits Mrs Hooker in town. This safe world has been created for the child by the adults in her life and they have been completely successful.
This is unsurprising when you remember that Joyce Lancaster Brisley originally wrote these stories for the Christian Science monitor, an organisation that was unlikely to consider churchgoing desirable.
However, the church is shown on the map at the beginning of each book. It must have dominated the view for everyone who went out of the front gate of the nice white cottage with the thatched roof. Milly Molly Mandy went past it every time she and Susan took the short cut to school.
The events that give markers to village life are not that dissimilar to the ones that take place in villages now – the fete, the concert with local talent, the flower and produce show, carol singing. But today many of those events are organised on behalf of the church. Surely this would have been the case in the 1920s?
Re-reading these books as an adult I can see that there are hints of a much darker world than the one I longed for as a child.
Money worries are mentioned – it is clear that pennies are rare and need careful thought before spending; there is no extra money for trips to the sea or bicycles. Milly Molly Mandy knows and understands these limitations but they do not bother her. Other families are in similar situations.
It is more striking that most of the children in the books are only children: Milly Molly Mandy, Billy Blunt, Milly next door, Jessamine, Bunchy. Only Susan has a baby sister and even she does not arrive until halfway through Book 2. Was it something in the water? Had Marie Stopes moved into the cottage next to Mr Critch the Thatcher? Did none of them want more children?
Aunty and Uncle are childless. Uncle is the adult most able to enter into the child’s world – how did he feel about not having his own child? And what about Aunty? What did she think about during that endless round of dusting and sewing?
Even more concerning is the number of children who lack parents. Miss Muggins’ Jilly lives with her aunt. Bunchy lives with her grandmother, Timmy Biggs with his grandad. Jessamine from the Big House has only her mother. We are never told what tragedies lie behind all these missing parents – though if the stories are set early in the 1920s we might guess at the first world war and Spanish influenza. Milly Molly Mandy’s world is not as safe as it first appears.
I read Milly Molly Mandy Again (Book 4) as an adult – and found that the author’s attitude to church and God had changed dramatically. Milly Molly Mandy goes to harvest festival and the blacksmith’s wedding in the church and “Vicar” gets a mention at harvest festival! Milly Molly Mandy and her mother even have a conversation about God: harvest festival is to give thanks to God. God takes the thankfulness and the vicar gives the produce to the cottage hospital – it is a double giving. The book ends with snowy weather; everyone except Grandma who does not like the cold (who can blame her!) goes to church just as if they have been doing so Sunday by Sunday since the books began. This book was published in 1948, twenty years after the original. Joyce Lancaster Brisley had lived through the depression and second world war since then – her views have had time to change and she, like us, is looking back with nostalgia.
Is it possible for my faith to have been influenced by Milly Molly Mandy when the books I knew had no references to God and only one mention of church? A world in which adults are in control rather than God is the antithesis of Christian belief. The Biblical story tells us what happens when adults believe themselves to be in control… But I do not think I ever believed in adults’ ability to create a secure world for children, on their own so this passed me by.
I think I did take away the emphasis on looking carefully and appreciating the small things. Milly Molly Mandy’s family show respect for everyone though this is most noticeable in Milly Molly Mandy Again when the village rallies around the Traveller family and bring their pots and pans to be mended.
We would be like apple trees without apples if we weren’t useful, says Mother, echoing the Protestant work ethic. But I’m not sure I believed that either… I certainly didn’t practice it!